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Public Administration | Prof BI Fadia & Dr Kuldeep Fadia - SAHITYA BHAWAN PUBLICATION

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MCB-394

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To understand how the administration of government develops, the student must be aware of the great changes that have taken place in our society during the last half-century. These changes have enormously increased—in volumes and in kind—the functions placed upon government, and have required the development of a new Public Administration that was understood at the dawn of the present century.

The revolution in science and technology, rapid urbanization, population explosions, the problem of environmental degradation and innovations of the new management techniques have greatly altered the tasks and responsibilities of government and of those who administer our governmental agencies. Formerly the primary objective of the study of Public Administration was to make government more efficient and economical. This goal is still important. But today the increased emphasis is placed on the role of Public Administrators in the formulation of policies and programs to cope with the pressing problems and needs of a rapidly evolving developing society. No longer is it believed that administration can be kept separate from policy and politics. Public Administration works with and under the direction of politicians, who have an indispensable role in democratic government. How to achieve democratic control over bureaucracy – government officials – so that it faithfully and effectively carries out the policies of the elected representatives and political masters is one of the leading problems of democratic governments everywhere.

The book presents a unified picture of what Public Administration is and how it is applied to various forms of human endeavor in this second decade of the century. It gives a basic knowledge of public organizations and managerial functions in the most useful and organized way. Although the book follows a widely used ‘management approach’, however, an attempt has been made to eliminate the excessive use of management jargon. Some of the core chapters of the book are Evolution of the Discipline of Public Administration, Philosophy, Science, and Art of Public Administration, Wilson’s Vision of Public Administration, Approaches to the study of Public Administration, Comparative Public Administration, Bureaucracy and Development, New Dimensions in Public Administration, New Public Management Perspective, The New Public Service Approach, State versus Market Debate, Public-Private Partnership, Concept of Development and Anti-Development, Theories of Organisation, Public Administration and Policy-making, New Public Administration, Theories of Leadership, Decision-making, Scientific Management, Theories of Motivation, Zero-base Budgeting, Outcome Budget, The Concept of Bureaucracy, Indian Model of Ombudsman, Administrative Ethics, Role of Civil Society, Social Audit, Citizens’ Charter, Pressure or Interest Groups, Good Governance: Concept and Application, Information Technology and Public Administration: E-Governance, Administrative Reforms and Self-Help Groups.

The present volume presents a fairly comprehensive theoretical aspect of various dimensions and issues of Public Administration. The book has been written primarily for students of Indian Universities. Though the administrative problems of Britain and the United States of America are discussed, yet special attention has been paid to the problems of the Indian Administration in light of the recommendations of the seventh Central Pay Commission. The book is a recommended reading for candidates appearing in the Civil Services Examinations. 

CONTENT:

 

Public Administration [लोक प्रशासन (प्रशासनिक सिद्धांत)] Book Contents

Public Administration: An Introduction

  1. Public Administration: Meaning and Scope
  2. Importance of Public Administration
  3. Role of Public Administration in Developed and Developing Societies
  4. Public Administration and Private Administration
  5. Public-private Partnership (PPP) 
  6. Approaches to the Study of Public Administration
  7. Philosophy, Science and Art of Public Administration
  8. Evolution of The Discipline of Public Administration
  9. Wilson’s Vision of Public Administration
  10. Comparative Public Administration: Reference to The Riggsian Models
  11. Concept of Development and Post-development Theory or Anti-development Thesis
  12. Development Administration: Fred W. Riggs
  13. Bureaucracy and Development
  14. New Public Administration
  15. Public Administration and Policy-making
  16. Recent Trends in Public Administration
  17. Public Choice Approach
  18. New Public Management [NPM] Perspective
  19. State vs. Market Debate
  20. Ecology of Public Administration
  21. Administrative Culture
  22. Good Governance: Concept and Application
  23. Entrepreneurial Government
  24. Information Technology and Public Administration: E-Governance
  25. Challenges of Globalisation, Liberalisation, and Privatisation: Impact on Public Administration
  26. Organization: Formal and Informal Organisations
  27. Organization Theory: Approaches or Paradigms
  28. Principles of Organisation
  29. Hierarchy
  30. Span of Control
  31. Unity of Command
  32. Co-ordination
  33. Chief Executive
  34. Line and Staff
  35. The Department
  36. The Public Corporation
  37. The Independent Regulatory Commission
  38. The Government Company
  39. Boards and Commissions in India

Management

  1. Management and its Tasks: Context of Participative Management
  2. Scientific Management: Frederick W. Taylor
  3. Theories of Leadership
  4. The Concept of Authority and Responsibility
  5. Delegation of Authority
  6. Centralization and Decentralisation in Administration
  7. Supervision
  8. Decision-Making Theory: Herbert Simon
  9. Motivation: Maslow, Mcgregor & Herzberg
  10. Communication in Administration
  11. Control: Reference to Pert and CPM
  12. Human Relations in Management: Elton Mayo

Personnel Administration

  1. The Concept of Bureaucracy: Max Weber
  2. The Concept of Civil Service
  3. Evolution of Civil Services
  4. Personnel Administration: Recruitment
  5. Personnel Administration: Training
  6. Personnel Administration: Promotion
  7. Position Classification and Pay Scales
  8. All India Services: Nature, Role, and Rationale
  9. All India Services: IAS, IPS & IFS
  10. Relationship Between Specialist and Generalist Administrators
  11. Issues of Anonymity and Neutrality vs. Commitment
  12. Employer-Employee Relations: Reference to Whitleyism

Financial Administration

  1. Financial Administration: Elements of Budget
  2. Budgetary Process in India
  3. Zero-Based Budgeting
  4. Performance Budgeting [Reference to Planning- Programming-budgeting System (PPBS)]
  5. Control Over Public Expenditure: Estimates Committee and Public Accounts Committee
  6. The Comptroller and Auditor General of India
  7. Deficit Financing
  8. Public Debt
  9. Accounts and Audit

Citizen and Administration

  1. Integrity in Administration: Ethics and Values in Public Service
  2. The Institution of Ombudsman
  3. The Lokpal and Lokayuktas
  4. Grievance Redressal Mechanism
  5. Control Over Administration: Legislative, Judicial, Executive and Popular Control
  6. People’s Participation In Administration
  7. Role of Civil Society
  8. Social Audit
  9. Openness and Right to Information
  10. Citizens’ Charter
  11. Pressure and Interest Groups
  12. Role of NGOs and Voluntary Agencies
  13. Self-Help Groups (SHGs)
  14. Delegated Legislation
  15. Administrative Law
  16. Administrative Adjudication and Tribunals

Aspects of the Indian Administration

  1. Administrative Reforms: Insights from Indian Experience
  2. Organisation and Methods (O & M)

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